Healthy gums usually fit tightly around the base of the visible tooth, keeping the roots from exposure. When you experience gum recession, the gums pull away, exposing the lower part of the teeth and the roots. Gum recession can occur due to several factors like gum disease or genetics.
You cannot reverse gum recession; however, you can treat it, manage it, and prevent it. When gums recede, they form pockets that become breeding grounds for bacteria. It is the main reason you must get treatment if you have gum recession.
One of the most common causes of receding gums is periodontal disease. It occurs from the tooth structures and gum tissues destruction by bacteria. The bacteria attack the gums, causing them to recede and form periodontal pockets.
Some people are genetically more predisposed to gum disease than others. According to research, 30 percent of the population is genetically more susceptible. No matter how well they care for their teeth, they will suffer from gum disease.
Brushing correctly is best so you do not harm your teeth and gums. Forceful brushing can wear away at the enamel of your teeth. It may also damage your gum tissues. Continued aggressive brushing can lead to receding gums.
A poor dental care regime can leave your teeth open to the formation of tartar and calculus. Tartar and calculus can only be eliminated by a dentist. If you leave it in your mouth, it promotes bacteria that will affect the health of your gums.
Women experience hormonal fluctuations at different times of their life, such as puberty and menopause. These hormone fluctuations can affect the gums, making them tender and susceptible to recession.
The National Institute of Aging suggests a direct link between smoking tobacco and gum recession. The literature states that smokers are twice as likely to recede gums as nonsmokers.
The first step in treating or preventing receding gums is ensuring proper dental care. If you brush forcefully, you will need to learn how to brush correctly. Other strategies are:
When you go to a dentist for your receding gums, one of the first treatments they may recommend is scaling and root planing. They are procedures to eliminate tartar and calculus from the teeth and below the gumline. Scaling focuses on the tooth roots, and the dentist often finishes with a root smoothening procedure. Smoothening the roots allow the gums to reattach.
The orthodontist may consider using gums from another part of the mouth to cover receded parts. It is an excellent way to prevent bone loss.
This is a new, minimally invasive technique to restore receding gums. The doctor uses a small hole in the gums and a unique tool to stretch and reposition gums.
For more on whether gums can recover from recession, visit Perio Atlanta at our office in Atlanta, Georgia. Call (404) 352-3123 to book an appointment today.